Why Cities Exist


Comments • 3 794

  • Luis Marroquin
    Luis Marroquin  2 days back

    2.7 a third and 2.3 a fourth?

    • SubZero
      SubZero  2 days back

      Why so many dislikes?

      • Jacob Hayes
        Jacob Hayes  3 days back

        Cities cause dolphins.

        • Sierrah Hofzon
          Sierrah Hofzon  3 days back

          So Istanbul and Russia are not included in Europe?

          • Jeff Burgess
            Jeff Burgess  3 days back

            summary: when humans discovered agriculture, they stopped migrating and settled down which inevitably gave rise to an economy. To make this process simpler, cities were erected to maximize economic activity by decreasing the distance between consumers and laborers.

            Though I am certain this isn't a new idea, I personally believe that value is predicated solely on distance. Not just the time and energy it takes for an innovator to finally begin production of a product and then get it to a consumer, but even the distance between two (or more) ideas, such as the distance between the individual vs the collective, the metaphysical and the materialistic, and the finite vs the infinite.

            Because resources are finite and therefore must be competed for, it seems to me that the role of government was introduced to determine how a population is allowed to interact with those resources. What's interesting is that, for instance, the American government will supply public services such as roads or police because it considers them basic necessities to keep things running smoothly. Roads to get to work or spend money, and police to make us feel safe enough to invest in homes, cars or other property.

            But other goods, like gasoline (which we need to make use of the roads and fuel the squad cars/fire trucks) and food and shelter are first come first serve.
            How does a government decide which industries can exist independently and which industries to provide as public services?

            • rulipari
              rulipari  3 days back

              4:00 You do know, that Berlin does have significantly more inhabitants than Paris proper, right?
              Berlin is the EUs 2nd largest City. On the whole of Europe though, the Ranking goes like this:
              (Ignoring Metropolitan Areas)

              • SpiritForce
                SpiritForce  4 days back

                Living in a densely populated city is killing our spirits--- I've lived in Tokyo, Taipei Miami and Honolulu and I yearn for a nice good ol' FARM!

                • William Churchill
                  William Churchill  4 days back

                  Love this Chanel

                  • Yuuup
                    Yuuup  5 days back

                    Another advantage of large numbers of people all being in cities is it will make the coming population correction so much more effective and efficient.

                    • Grigoriy Ignatov
                      Grigoriy Ignatov  5 days back

                      London is the largest city within the EU only. Moscow is in Europe as well and it's 4 million bigger

                      • djinn Man
                        djinn Man  5 days back

                        Human Specialization.

                        BUT also efficiency to port. Not surprising some of the biggest cities are built upon communication lines either up large rivers (water source) or coastal. Logistics.

                        How to store and move goods from a centralized hub equally important.

                        City like Hong Kong in recent (foolish) "democratic" protest need to be careful.

                        Aside from the unique rule of law, there are already cities proximate to them (Shenzhen, Guangdong) that can and will replicate much of what Hong Kong does for cheaper.

                        If it does not understand its fragility vis-a-vis its giant and economic powerhouse neighbour, it is in danger of losing its living. Many will eventually vote with their fee across 'the border'.

                        There is no iron rice bowl.

                        • M C
                          M C  5 days back

                          Thanks for addressing German cities! :)

                          • Joonha Shcal
                            Joonha Shcal  5 days back

                            Paris is not the second largest city in Europe. It's not even in the top 5. The largest city in Europe is Istanbul and then comes Moscow. I can't trust you with research that takes 20 sec? Downvote man.

                            • Morgan Ahoff
                              Morgan Ahoff  6 days back

                              I'm surprised you didn't include Choice as a reason why people live in cities. Cites offer a variety of things to choose from: what kind of job to have, where to live, what to do for recreation -- and this gives people the feeling that they are choosing their life circumstances. There is perhaps nothing as defeating to the human spirit as having no choice. That's the reason cities are expensive: for each thing you choose to do, all the things you didn't choose to do need to be paid for too. But we're willing to pay a premium in order to have a range of options available to us. Mind you...having things to choose among means that you are one of the things other people may choose or not choose, hence cites can be lonely places.

                              • Jack
                                Jack  6 days back

                                Interesting note, when the first British windmills were being invented, one person could then grind enough flour for 40 people. Hence the phrase, "The daily grind", as before that at least half the household would have to grind bread for 4-6 hours during the day

                                • Ronit Jalihal
                                  Ronit Jalihal  7 days back

                                  3:54 Almost all info is wrong.
                                  London is now 3rd after Istanbul and Moscow.
                                  Paris is not even in the top ten.
                                  Otherwise, great video.

                                  • Chris Hieke
                                    Chris Hieke  5 hours back

                                    @Skye Walker It was about European cities - although he didn't mention his definition of 'European'. So lets stick with the geographical definition. That certainly includes Moscow and at least the part of Istambul that is situated on the western side of the Bosporus. So Tokyo, Hongkong and Peking are out of the scope.

                                    Another problem is his definition of a 'city' ... just the municipal entity or the whole metropolitan area? And if it is the metropolitan area, how do you define that?

                                  • Skye Walker
                                    Skye Walker  2 days back

                                    I saw that to and eas baffled. Tokyo, Hong Kong, Beijing, Moscow etc there are much bigger cities

                                  • Грозный
                                    Грозный  3 days back

                                    @JewTube both cities are in europe and maybe turkish culture is not european, but russian 100% is

                                  • JewTube
                                    JewTube  4 days back

                                    It's correct. Turkey and Russia are Asian countries, not European.

                                • SiaarZH
                                  SiaarZH  1 weeks back

                                  5ha of siberian snow all to me? no thanks.

                                  • Floris
                                    Floris  1 weeks back

                                    Isn't the pencil thing a Fiedman example?

                                    • PoodleScone
                                      PoodleScone  1 weeks back

                                      Also world peace after WW2. Most cities are targets during war. With no major conflicts, people can stay in cities without risks.

                                      • Taylor Pio
                                        Taylor Pio  1 weeks back

                                        One of the best and most conceptual videos you've made!

                                        • DE Ackern
                                          DE Ackern  1 weeks back

                                          3:47 Today the largest city in Europe is London. Isn't it Moscow!? And London second?

                                          • Yuuup
                                            Yuuup  5 days back

                                            Moscow has never been in Europe. Sorry, try again

                                        • alan6832
                                          alan6832  2 weeks back

                                          People are forced by government to move to cities because cities have higher unit density limits than most places, so cities allow people to build more housing that government allows people to do in the suburbs or country. This is in addition to housing projects, which are rare in the country.

                                          • EBFilmsMan
                                            EBFilmsMan  2 weeks back

                                            12:08 Cities are efficient
                                            Efficiency creates wealth
                                            Germany creates efficiency
                                            German cities = most efficient and wealthy?

                                            • Riley Cook
                                              Riley Cook  1 weeks back

                                              germany = best
                                              UH WORLD WAR 2

                                          • somerican pillar
                                            somerican pillar  2 weeks back

                                            Wow mind blowing

                                            • emptyroomrocker
                                              emptyroomrocker  2 weeks back

                                              Istanbul and Moscow are bigger European Cities than London.

                                              • Vladimir Baraev
                                                Vladimir Baraev  2 weeks back

                                                Berlin is second largest in Europe

                                                • Yang M
                                                  Yang M  2 weeks back

                                                  not doing this to say "video is wrong,", more wondering if there's an explanation for why Australia doesn't fit the theory (apart from being upside down).
                                                  1 Sydney 4,741,874
                                                  2 Melbourne 4,677,157
                                                  3 Brisbane 2,326,656
                                                  4 Perth 2,004,696
                                                  and it doesn't get any better for the theory if you keep going down the list.

                                                  • Yoda
                                                    Yoda  2 weeks back

                                                    "Wealth". A word so commonly associated with finances; Debt. Credit. How about quality of life? Compassion? Consideration? Moral integrity?

                                                    • Jacob IAm
                                                      Jacob IAm  2 weeks back

                                                      My thoughts exactly when watching this video.

                                                  • Simon G
                                                    Simon G  2 weeks back

                                                    Cities can only exist because of the transport of food produced in rural areas.

                                                    • Saddutchman
                                                      Saddutchman  2 weeks back

                                                      Cities exist because farmers work their asses off

                                                      • Tomatenpresse
                                                        Tomatenpresse  2 weeks back

                                                        Just wanna throw it out there that paris is not the second largest City of europe in case it seemed fishy to anyone else... Its berlin btw... 3:55

                                                        • SwingFish
                                                          SwingFish  2 weeks back

                                                          hard to believe you didn't mention Shenzhen as an example about growth in connection to development, as Shenzhen is basically the only example that does proof everything mentioned here is the shortest time span ever. (except the part of the portion, I personally think that natural numbers are more accurate on that one anyway eg. Fibonacci, which would prove your theory even stronger (nothing grow/move in a straight line)

                                                          • L H
                                                            L H  2 weeks back

                                                            zipf mystery

                                                            • Fandom guy
                                                              Fandom guy  2 weeks back

                                                              Cooperation is also the answer, it's what humans evolved for it's efficient.

                                                              • Jurassic Mark
                                                                Jurassic Mark  3 weeks back

                                                                3:47 You forgot Istanbul and Moscow there.

                                                                • akahige
                                                                  akahige  3 weeks back

                                                                  zipf's law. look it up on the vsauce channel.

                                                                  • Loïk Carothers
                                                                    Loïk Carothers  3 weeks back

                                                                    In short: People.

                                                                    • Trevor Paul
                                                                      Trevor Paul  3 weeks back

                                                                      Square space is for fuck boys that don’t understand anything about Web development

                                                                      • FullBlown
                                                                        FullBlown  3 weeks back

                                                                        most cities as in big ones,people are moving out back into the burbs and farm areas in alot of places in the world,as in others new cities are being built......so what are you talking about? you mean cities have a higher population then certain areas,cause they take all the stuff from around them to build what is called a population bubble...this is why they die,they are cool but at the same time,become depressing over time and lack nature also with all the red tape decay and people are not allowed to repair simple things,so walls look like shit and so on,as the city grows so does corruption and politcal scams..so they just fall apart like we see across the world non stop.

                                                                        • ChifF SkrUbZ
                                                                          ChifF SkrUbZ  3 weeks back

                                                                          Wendover productions: *puts Cologne on Frankfurt*

                                                                          • Ocelot
                                                                            Ocelot  3 weeks back

                                                                            Because it's efficient.
                                                                            There, saved you 13 minutes of your time.

                                                                            • The Fhy DMS
                                                                              The Fhy DMS  3 weeks back

                                                                              this video is bullshit, when talking about the expansion of city you should take metro areas, not cities proper that have fixed limits. You base your conclusions off of two to three examples to which you can find many couterexamples,, you don't even mention centralisation. It just doesn't make any sense.

                                                                              • Larry B musiq
                                                                                Larry B musiq  3 weeks back

                                                                                Who else noticed that d**k truck driver at 10:32?? 👀

                                                                                • BubbleBreak
                                                                                  BubbleBreak  3 weeks back

                                                                                  Idk sounds like cherry picking and confirmation bias to me. Good old “80/20 Rule” nonsense

                                                                                  • Frank Joseph
                                                                                    Frank Joseph  3 weeks back

                                                                                    Look at maps of England and the US east of the Appilachains. Towns are usually 10 miles apart. You never had to walk more than 5 miles except market towns.

                                                                                    • Кали Кинжалин

                                                                                      Moscow is not Europe?

                                                                                      • NAME NAMENAME
                                                                                        NAME NAMENAME  3 weeks back

                                                                                        But... Berlin has a larger population than Paris...

                                                                                        • someone -
                                                                                          someone -  3 weeks back

                                                                                          5:23 2 colognes?