Quarks, Gluon flux tubes, Strong Nuclear Force, & Quantum Chromodynamics


Comments • 755

  • Physics Videos by Eugene Khutoryansky

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    • Alexander Korol
      Alexander Korol  3 days back

      Can we get the song list, please?

    • Alexander Korol
      Alexander Korol  1 months back

      0:09 What do quarks look like then?
      Also, don't quarks and anti-quarks form mesons?

    • David Schadeberg
      David Schadeberg  2 months back

      how do i turn off the background music?!!

    • Rohan Zener
      Rohan Zener  3 months back

      Convention is to colour antigreen as magenta, antired as cyan, and antiblue as yellow.

    • Mudfossil University
      Mudfossil University  9 months back

      Experimental Particle crusher..........I created Higgs and photoed..... light is a particle it has no set speed .....seen here and I will debate anyone on this. I have the proof. And might lead to cold fusion.

  • Sir Pumpington Of Dumpenshire

    3:44, electric and magnetic fields don't exist? Does that mean physics textbooks have to be re-written?

    • Exiguous
      Exiguous  4 days back

      God is smart

      • Cristian Bureriu
        Cristian Bureriu  6 days back

        turn down the background music !
        please !!!

        • samuelec
          samuelec  1 weeks back

          Best explanation ever!
          Right timing, good animation and it's very complete. Well done !

        • Danny Kirby
          Danny Kirby  2 weeks back

          All this is designed. Designed and created by a creator. Man thinks we're smart. God laughs at man's arrogance. God says. Repent and turn from your sins. Turn to Jesus the Christ.

          • 김재욱
            김재욱  3 weeks back

            GLUE BALL

            • арсений афанасьев

              But in my textbook there is a sheme where these virtual particles, consists of quark and anti-quark, exchanged between proton and neutron called pi+ (up; anti-down) and
              pi-( anti-up;down).
              In this animation there are anti-up;up and anti-down;down.

              And I trust my textbook more)
              But thank you for video !

              • oliver A
                oliver A  3 weeks back

                Why do you want me to suffer

                • Jamilul Huq
                  Jamilul Huq  3 weeks back

                  Electric and Magnetic fields do not actually exist ? Is the video intended for kids ? Or else why the "Red", the "Green" etc look like that in a kid's program.

                  • bennemann
                    bennemann  4 weeks back

                    Wayyyy too slow, the pregnant pauses between sentences are excessive. Had to increase speed to 1.75x to be bearable.

                    • Madara M. Uchaniotika
                      Madara M. Uchaniotika  4 weeks back

                      Better link everyone to papers proving these stuff by experimentation do'

                      • Einstein X
                        Einstein X  4 weeks back

                        So quarks are held together by the exchange of gluons. And protons attract each other by exchanging photons. Then now I am wondering: in a simple helium nucleus containing two protons and two neutrons, how many photons and gluons are exchanged per second? It's kinda fascinating to think of all these photons and gluons wizzing around in my body.

                        • Макс Ф.
                          Макс Ф.  4 weeks back

                          OMG! Что они там курят такое?! Тут бритвой Оккама можно насмерть изрезаться.

                          • Leo Yohansen
                            Leo Yohansen  4 weeks back

                            Okay, we know what happens when you pull quarks apart but what happens when you reverse the process and force them together?

                            If gravitation were to be strong enough to force a trio of up and down quarks together, what would happen? Would they form gluons after emitting a photon?

                            • WestOfEarth
                              WestOfEarth  4 weeks back

                              Something I hadn't realized before this video is that a proton and anti-proton will both have similar gluon structure - namely one gluon color paired with an anti-gluon color.

                              • liam morales
                                liam morales  4 weeks back

                                After this I think I can screw in a light bulb alone now..

                                • Ranoon Sumer
                                  Ranoon Sumer  4 weeks back

                                  Particles are everywhere and gates are everywhere.

                                  That's why you need a role to prevent it.

                                  When talking about economies, economies of scale. And the conceptual difference between micro and huge.

                                  The difference in the time points at which particles are observed when they collide with them.

                                  • ronondex2009
                                    ronondex2009  1 months back

                                    wait,so an anti-neutron can hold two normal protons together if they dont anhillate?

                                    • WestOfEarth
                                      WestOfEarth  4 weeks back

                                      a normal neutron can hold two protons together - but I'm not sure if an anti-neutron can.

                                  • Widget
                                    Widget  1 months back

                                    Makes me happy to see such a polished and enjoyable educational video on something as imperceptibly small and yet significant.

                                    • Kilju Pullo
                                      Kilju Pullo  1 months back

                                      Adding energy to quarks would in practice create a stable proton. Ergo, energy to mass converter. Hyper 3d printer.

                                      • Traficante de banana
                                        Traficante de banana  1 months back

                                        But what really are the colors representing?
                                        Whats the diferrence between a blue and a green quark?

                                        • Traficante de banana
                                          Traficante de banana  1 months back

                                          Thank you for the explanation!

                                        • Dylan
                                          Dylan  1 months back

                                          Charge would be the simplest way to put it. You could ask the same thing about what does "positive" and "negative" really mean?? Ultimately nothing, there are two different and seemingly opposite states that particles can take on, one could just as easily call them "black" and "white", "hip" and "hop" or whatever you want, so long as you define them as distorting the EM field in opposite ways that results in forces being exchanged between particles of opposite and like charges.

                                          The "color" charge is similar except in this system there are 3 states the charge can take on and each results in various reactions in particles of other charges, we just need a name for each charge, could just as easily call them "rock", "paper" and "scissors".

                                      • MrShimizoo
                                        MrShimizoo  1 months back

                                        Shit, this makes me feel like a Neanderthal ..:-(

                                        • OCTAGRAM
                                          OCTAGRAM  1 months back

                                          1. Gluons are not color-anti-color. The most simple eigenvectors of gluon field can be described as indivisible mix of colorA-anti-colorB and colorB-anti-colorA! There are total of 8 gluons, remaining ones involve square roots for their description.
                                          2. Mesons consist of same color and anticolor quark-antiquark
                                          3. Gluons cannot decay into pure mesons

                                          • cosmos and physical laws
                                            cosmos and physical laws  1 months back


                                            • Ferenc Gazdag
                                              Ferenc Gazdag  1 months back

                                              Am i wrong, if i say that anti-green is magenta, anti-blue is yellow, and anti-red is cyan?

                                              • Dylan
                                                Dylan  1 months back

                                                I see what you did there..... However insofar as the naming is ultimately arbitrary, no, so long as it is clear that one is the inverse of the other.

                                            • Sack Blubberd
                                              Sack Blubberd  1 months back

                                              How canbit be 1/3 if that adds up to 33%?

                                              • Professor Rocketsauce
                                                Professor Rocketsauce  5 days back

                                                Sack Blubberd the way I interpret it, electric charge can have two values, while strong nuclear “charge”, i.e. colors, can have three values. In order for the strong nuclear forces to balance and remain neutral, you need one of each of the three colors.

                                            • ً
                                              ً  1 months back

                                              I understood half of that title, and that makes me very proud of myself

                                              • davidgreenwitch
                                                davidgreenwitch  1 months back

                                                But thinking of it like electrical particles we can imagine electrical particles alone. Like electrons moving or ions etc. So why can't there be quarks alone (if nothing around would attract them)? Isn't there a way like electricity to separate them without applying that much energy? After all we also don't need that much energy for separating an electron or proton that it creates a new one.

                                                • Ankit Rai
                                                  Ankit Rai  1 months back

                                                  She sounds like dora the explorer

                                                  • Audioasis
                                                    Audioasis  2 months back

                                                    User joined your channel

                                                    • Merouane Hamitouche
                                                      Merouane Hamitouche  2 months back

                                                      Mozart & Tchaikovsky made me watch a 1/2 of this video

                                                      • NobleXenon
                                                        NobleXenon  2 months back

                                                        Anti-Red is Cyan, Anti-Green is Magenta, and Anti-Blue is Yellow. :P

                                                        • Daniel Zahzouhi
                                                          Daniel Zahzouhi  2 months back

                                                          That was beautiful

                                                          • kok fah chong
                                                            kok fah chong  2 months back

                                                            Isotopes of hydrogen, tritium is radioactive. The existence of tritium undermines the credibility of strong nuclear force. The size of tritium's nucleus is only several femtometre but it is radioactive. Therefore this rules out the existence of strong nuclear force. If strong nuclear force exists then such small nucleus of tritium should be stable. But in reality it is radioactive. Einstein's famous equation, E=mc^2 is wrong otherwise garbage also can be used to make nuclear bombs as long as it is matter or it  has mass. Energy and matter can't  interchange one another according to Einstein's famous equation. One must have photons before one can emit out photons. Photons are particles and they have mass. All forms of EMWs including light and heat are dynamic photons per volume per time in different saturations. This stresses that all phenomena must comply with the law of conservation of matter, the law of conservation of energy and the law of conservation of charge. Precisely, the intrinsic characteristics of particles can't be changed. Gamma ray can't produce electron-positron pairing in the vacuum . The occurrence of positron-electron pairing is very rare because antimatters are rare on earth. Positrons are discovered by Anderson on a mountaintop in California with the aid of a cloud chamber under intense sunlight. The energy of the sunlight is far below the one of within the nucleus. Therefore ejected positrons must be from electron-shell rather than the nucleus. Only negatively charged particles are confined within the electron-shell. Therefore positrons must also be negatively charged particles like those electrons. If positrons are positive charged, then they will be constantly repelled by nucleus in which they will constantly jump form atom to atom. But this is not the case. Thus, positrons mustn't be positively charged particles. But positrons have opposite magnetic configuration than the one of electrons. The only plausible explanation is that intrinsic spin direction of positrons is just the opposite of the one of electrons. At least we know now that gamma ray can't produce electron-positron pairing in the vacuum which implies that energy can't convert to particles because this violates the law of conservation  of energy and the law of conservation of matter. Likewise, matter also can't convert to energy.  The belief that gluon can split into a quark and its respective antiquark in assuming gamma ray can produce positron-electron is true has turned out to be wrong. The reverse process where a quark meets with antiquark will annihilate into a gluon is also wrong. Clearly particle physicists got their foundation wrong. If you are interested in real discoveries, I would recommend you to read my book, The Unification Theory - Volume One and you will be amazed with lots of new, interesting discoveries. In God I trust.

                                                            • Don Wallace
                                                              Don Wallace  2 months back

                                                              Very interesting.

                                                              • Stevie Rios
                                                                Stevie Rios  2 months back

                                                                Wow this was a beautiful video. I’m looking to go to college soon to pursue a degree in engineering physics hopefully with nuclear quantum and aerospace implications but by any chance do you have any ideas to a more specific path I should pursue to study quantum chromodynamics?

                                                                • John Smith
                                                                  John Smith  2 months back

                                                                  Damn. How many times am I going to have to watch this I'm asking myself. To others, what other videos would go well with this.

                                                                • Mack Martin
                                                                  Mack Martin  2 months back

                                                                  As if this channel wasn't retro enough...they go all Windows 98 screensaver on us

                                                                  • Robert Galletta
                                                                    Robert Galletta  2 months back

                                                                    WHAT CHANGES IF THE ETHER EXISTS ?

                                                                    • Shit Eating Grin
                                                                      Shit Eating Grin  2 months back

                                                                      So if it is an exchange of particles, then what is the space the exchange occurs in? The antimatter perhaps?

                                                                    • Ripped Torn
                                                                      Ripped Torn  2 months back

                                                                      Please . You are giving unemployed people PTSD with the choice of background music -no joke btw . Great video otherwise .

                                                                      • Wolfdog370
                                                                        Wolfdog370  2 months back

                                                                        Now prove it

                                                                        • Jesús José Sáenz
                                                                          Jesús José Sáenz  2 months back

                                                                          I know nothing about physics.

                                                                          But I love these videos.

                                                                          • Dimitar Donev
                                                                            Dimitar Donev  2 months back

                                                                            I understand the reason why classical music is being played in the background, but can we please have a version of the video with some Sepultura songs sometimes :)

                                                                            • classictutor
                                                                              classictutor  2 months back

                                                                              It doesn't make sense to me how an exchange of particles such as gluons is the source of strong force. When you exchange particles, could they not just as push each other away as well as pull each other? Why particle model to describe force? How do we really know this is happening? Another thing that mystifies me is why does photons have certain momentum when interacting with matter but not with each other? I would appreciate someone giving me an explanation.

                                                                              • David Sandell
                                                                                David Sandell  2 months back

                                                                                This is some complicated stuff. What keeps the protons from dragging glueons, neutrons and whatever else out of the nucleus?

                                                                                • Jesus’s Eternal Son
                                                                                  Jesus’s Eternal Son  2 months back

                                                                                  Dark energy is the strong force that compression is applied to quantum field.

                                                                                  Dark matter particle is neutrino and is the weak force or general relativity. Each neutrino is a potential black hole 🕳.

                                                                                  Dark matter particle causes the fusion process in the stars while gets trapped by the gas cluster clouds during the formation of stars and their solar systems.

                                                                                  Neutrinos have zero space and are precisely equally divided magnetic 🧲 poles to 50% matter and 50% antimatter.

                                                                                  Interactions of strong and weak force gives forms to mass space in which the time slows down increasing in mass.